IN NIGERIA'S NIGER DELTA
PSYCHO-MORPHOLOGICAL & EMPIRICAL OVERVIEW
DR. E. A. AKPOFURE
CHIEF M. L. EFERE
DR. PROSPER AYAWEI
PHOBIC AND ANXIETY DISORDERS
It was obviously evident by our person
to person and group interviews with some of the impacted people, that most
of them in the areas were experiencing several phobic disorders, by reason
of the persistent feeling of threat of climaxing starvation and negligence
from MULTINATIONAL OIL COMPANIES and their collaborators.
Several phobic disorders (fears) were
noticed from the victims who were diagnosed, viz: identifying objects and/or
circumstances harmful to them, thus generating a sudden unpredictable panic
stricken attack of intense fear or terror causing chest pains (heart attack)
dizziness, fainting, paralysis etc.
On further investigation and diagnosis,
we observed several anxiety disorders amongst the impacted individuals.
Victims were observed to have been perplexingly neurotic and schizophrenic,
they have no logical premises to refer to than to conclude from their over
whelming experiences. Below are some highly identified and diagnosed cases
by our psycho-krenein analytical team. Viz.
4.1 AGORAPHOBIC DISORDER
We also noticed several distorted perception
of life, increased in-appropriate behavioural dispositions, an intense
paralyzing fear of danger and AGORAPHOBIC TENDENCIES: like the fear of
being totally abandoned and/or neglected by MULTINATIONAL OIL COMPANIES
and their collaborators.
4.2 Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
As the name implies, it is clearly
related to some original (past) stressful events experienced by the individuals
that had graduated to this current disorder. Indeed on our sampling and
rigorous data collation, it was noted that they had painstakingly lived
through several previous traumatic (shocking, injurious) experiences as
a result of past oil spills most of the spills were not compensated.
Obsessive - Compulsive Stress Disorder
also diagnosed the above symptom of involuntary and consistently compelling,
harmful and suicidal thoughts or ideas re-occurring in several minds despite
their attempts to stop them because of severe loss of income and property
and uncertainty of the future.
4.4 Somato Form Stress Disorder
We noticed some serious bodily disorders
like, back pains, dizziness, partial paralysis of glove Anesthesia (convulsive
stress disorder) abdominal, urinal pains etc. without any physical evidence
of organic cause.
This was another form of Somato form
disorder that was diagnosed in the victims, as interpreted on interview,
that some victims had small cuts likely to be from their farming operations
but could not explain how they came about those cuts and so attributed
these injuries to be mysterious cuts likely to have come from the angry
gods who were annoyed because of pollution of sacred environment, bio-diversity
and used this means to express their offenses. These melancholy symptoms
were noticed to have been persistent even though there was no evidence
that they reflected serious illnesses.
4.6 Affective Stress Disorder
This disorder was noticed to have been
characterized by serious dehumanization by MULTINATIONAL OIL COMPANIES
had caused psychological imbalance in the affective domain and emotional
state of the people and invariably distorting their psycho-motive and cognitive
domains as well.
We noticed that most of the people
had a wide affective range of being earnestly happy in Hillarie environments
and/or consistently Melancholic (Sad) with little regard to their lives.
Furthermore, what we discovered (and perplexingly noticed) was the abnormal
inconsistency of victims from one end of the psychological range of happiness
to the other extreme of self pity, empathy, clinical depression and even
some form of Bipolar disorder.
Proceed to RESULTS OF PSYCHO-MORPHOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS